Current Affairs November 20, 2018

current-affairs-20-nov-18

1. Amir Yaron was appointed as the next governor of which of the following bank ?

         1) Reserve Bank of Fiji
         2) Central bank of sri lanka
         3) Bank of Israel
         4) Bank of Mozambique
         5) None of these

Answer – 3 ) Bank of Israel

Explanation: Israel’s Cabinet approved Amir Yaron as the next governor of the Bank of Israel for 5 years. Prior to this, he was the a finance professor at the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School of Business. He replaced Karnit Flug, who became the first woman to hold the post when she took over in 2013.

2. Maharashtra government passed the Maratha Reservation Bill on 19th November 2018, in order to give reservation to Marathas. As per the bill, Maharashtra will create a new category called _____?

        1) EBC (Economically Backward Class)
        2) Financially Backward Class (FBC)
        3) SEBC (Socially and Educationally Backward Class)
        4) Very Backward Class (VBC)
        5) None of these

Answer – 3 ) SEBC (Socially and Educationally Backward Class)

Explanation: On November 19, 2018, Maharashtra government led by CM Devendra Fadnavis passed the Maratha Reservation Bill. As per the bill, Maharashtra will create a new category called SEBC (socially and educationally backward class) in order to give reservation to Marathas. This has been passed for reservation by citing ‘extraordinary circumstance’ as rights of neither OBCs nor Marathas. This move has been recommended by Maharashtra State Backward Class Commission headed by Justice N G Gaikwad (retired).

3. Which country launched its first high-speed rail line, the first ever such line in Africa ?

         1) Mauritius
         2) Morocco
         3) Nigeria
         4) Kenya
         5) None of these

Answer – 2 ) Morocco

Explanation: Morocco’s first high-speed rail line, the first ever such line in Africa was unveiled. It was inaugurated by French President Emmanuel Macron and Morocco’s King Mohammed VI. The cost of the project was $2 billion project and was launched in September 2011.  It is known and LGV and will connect the economic hubs of Tangier and Casablanca in 2 hours 10 minutes.

4. The 0.7 m GROWTH-India telescope made its first observation which is a follow-up study of a nova explosion. It was located in

         1)  Nubra, Ladakh
         2) Pathankot, Punjab
         3) Hanle, Ladakh
         4) Khajjiar, Himachal Pradesh
         5) None of these

Answer – ) Hanle, Ladakh

Explanation: The 0.7 m GROWTH-India telescope located at Indian Astronomical Observatory in Hanle, Ladakh has made its first observation which is a follow-up study of a nova explosion. GROWTH-India is India’s first fully robotic telescope designed to capture cosmic events. The GROWTH-India is a part of multi-country collaborative initiative known as Global Relay of Observatories Watching Transients Happen (GROWTH)to observe transient events in the Universe. Universities and Research Institutes of USA, Japan, India, Germany, Taiwan, UK and Israel are part of this Initiative.

5. On 18th November 2018, Which state became the 3rd Indian state after Maharashtra and Gujarat to permanently ban Hookah bars or lounges ?

         1) Punjab
         2) Kerala
         3) Rajasthan 
         4) Haryana
         5) None of these

Answer – ) Punjab

Explanation: On 18th November,2018, Punjab becomes 3rd Indian state after Maharashtra and Gujarat to permanently ban Hookah bars or lounges. The ban was announced after President Ram Nath Kovind has given assent to a bill passed by Punjab state assembly. Smoking of hookah increases the health risks such as exposure to toxic chemicals that are not filtered out be water and tuberculosis which is an infectious disease resulting from sharing of hookah. Punjab state assembly has passed the Cigarettes and other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of advertisement and Regulation of trade and Commerce, Production, Supply and distribution) (Punjab Amendment) Bill 2018 in March this year.

6. This firm launched the funds for the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and affordable housing sectors.

         1) SBICAP Ventures
         2) Mahindra Insurance Brokers Limited
         3) Elara Capital
         4) AsiaCap Investment Advisors
         5) None of these

Answer – ) SBICAP Ventures

Explanation: SBICAP Ventures (SVL), an alternative asset manager and a wholly owned subsidiary of SBI Capital Markets, has launched two funds for the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and affordable housing sectors. Before this, SBICAP Ventures had launched a fund named Neev Fund in 2015 with a focus on the low-income states for small infrastructure projects. The SME fund is expecting to raise a corpus of Rs 400 crore, while the affordable housing fund would look at raising Rs 350 crore.

7. On 19th November 2018, Which country completed the deployment of its indigenously developed BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) constellation with the successful launch of 2 more satellites ?

         1) South Korea
         2) Japan
         3) Russia
         4) China
         5) None of these

Answer – )  China

Explanation: On 19th November 2018, China completed the deployment of its indigenously developed BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) constellation with the successful launch of 2 more satellites. The satellites entered a medium earth orbit over 3 hours after the launch. They will work with 17 other BDS-3 satellites already in space. BDS competes with the United States’ Global Positioning System (GPS). It will start providing services to countries participating in the Belt and Road Initiative by December 2018. The two satellites were launched into space on a Long March-3B carrier rocket from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in Sichuan Province, China.

8. The new definition of Kilogram will be replaced by which of the following ?

         1) Boltzmann constant
         2) Faraday constant
         3) Stefan-Boltzmann constant
         4) Planck constant
         5) None of these

Answer – )  Planck constant

Explanation: The world’s standard definition of the kilogram, the ampere, the kelvin and the mole has been changed, after representatives from 60 countries voted to redefine the International System of Units (SI) for weight, current, temperature and amount of chemical substance. It will adopted on May 20, which is World Metrology Day. The new definition of kg involves accurate weighing machines called ‘Kibble balance’.  The new definition of Kilogram will be replaced by the Planck constant.

9. On 19th November 2018, What was the theme of World Toilet Day 2018 observed all over the world?

         1) Sanitation: Importance and Implementation
         2) End Open defecation
         3) When Nature Calls
         4) Hygiene and Sanitation
         5) None of these

Answer – ) When Nature Calls

Explanation: On 19th November 2018, World Toilet Day was observed all over the world. World Toilet Organization founded World Toilet Day on 19 November 2001. In 2013, United Nations (UN) General Assembly, declared World Toilet Day as official UN day to be observed every year on November 19. This day creates awareness about the need for toilet and sanitation. It highlights Sustainable Development Goal 6 that aims to achieve sanitation for all and end open defecation. Theme for World Toilet Day 2018 is “When Nature Calls”.

10. India’s first Sri Vishwakarma Skill Development University will come up in __________.

         1) Haryana
         2) Uttar Pradesh
         3) Andra Pradesh
         4) Rajasthan
         5) None of these

Answer – ) Haryana

Explanation: In Haryana, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has recently laid foundation of India’s first Sri Vishwakarma Skill Development University at village Dudhola in Palwal district via remote control. It’s campus would be developed over 82.7 acres at a sum of over Rs 1,000 crore.  The University would impart skill training to the youth and encourage them to be self employed.