Current Affairs November 18, 2018

current-affairs-18-nov-18

1. Which state government has launched the ‘Gau Samridhi Plus scheme’ for dairy farmers ?

         1) Kerala
         2) Uttar Pradesh
         3) Jharkhand
         4) Odisha
         5) None of these

Answer – 1 ) Kerala

Explanation: Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan has recently launched the ‘Gau Samridhi Plus scheme’ or ‘Cow Samridhi Plus Scheme’ to offer insurance coverage to dairy farmers in Kerala. The farmers belonging to the general category will receive 50% subsidy on premiums while those belonging to Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST) category would get 70% subsidy on the premium. The government subsidized scheme will give insurance coverage to dairy farmers at low premium rates

2. Which country has built an ‘artificial sun’ that reaches 100 million °C, 6 times the temperature of Sun’s core of 15 million °C ?

        1) Russia
        2) Japan
        3) China 
        4) United States
        5) None of these

Answer – 3 ) China

Explanation: The China has built an ‘artificial sun’ that reaches 100 million °C, 6 times the temperature of Sun’s core of 15 million °C. EAST is 11 metres tall. It has a diameter of 8 metres. It weighs nearly 360 tonnes. On 13th November 2018, scientists from China’s Institute of Plasma Physics announced that plasma in their Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) also called the “artificial sun”, reached 100 million °C, the temperature required to perform nuclear fusion on Earth. The EAST reactor has been designed to replicate processes happening at the Sun to turn hydrogen into cost-effective green energy. But they were able to maintain the state for only about 10 seconds The record temperature was achieved through various new techniques in heating and controlling the plasma.

3. Who will take charge as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Google Cloud in early 2019 ?

         1) Thomas Kurian
         2) Preston Scavo
         3) Diane Greene
         4) Vinay Mishra
         5) None of these

Answer – 1 ) Thomas Kurian

Explanation: Indian-American Thomas Kurian, former Oracle President of product development and technologist, will become the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Google Cloud in early 2019. Thomas Kurian will join Google Cloud on 26th November 2018. Diane Greene will continue as CEO till January 2019 and help Thomas Kurian transition into the leadership role. Thomas Kurian will replace Diane Greene. He had been a member of Oracle’s Executive Committee for 13 years. He hails from Bengaluru.  Thomas Kurian resigned from Oracle in September 2018. He had worked in Oracle for 22 years.

4. Name of the country which launched the Rogun hydro-electric project with a worth US$ 3.9 billion.

         1)  Afghanistan
         2) Tajikistan
         3) Kyrgyzstan
         4) Uzbekistan
         5) None of these

Answer – ) Tajikistan

Explanation: Tajikistan inaugurated a US$ 3.9 billion ‘Rogun hydro-electric project’ on 16 November 2018. It has been built on the Vakhsh River in southern Tajikistan. The first of six turbines in the Rogun hydroelectric dam went online on 16 November 2018. The project will enable Tajikistan to eliminate domestic energy shortages and export electricity to Afghanistan and Pakistan.

5. On 17th November 2018, Where was India’s first specialized hospital for elephants unveiled ?

         1) Wyanad, Kerala
         2) Coorg, Karnataka
         3) Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
         4) Mathura, Uttar Pradesh
         5) None of these

Answer – ) Mathura, Uttar Pradesh

Explanation: On November 17, 2018, India’s first specialized hospital for elephants was unveiled at Churmura village in Mathura, Uttar Pradesh. The medical centre offers the following: wireless digital X-ray, laser treatment, dental X-ray, thermal imaging, ultrasonography, hydrotherapy and quarantine facilities, medical hoist for lifting elephants. It is located close to the elephant conservation and care centre of Wildlife SOS. It also has an observation deck which will allow veterinary students to observe elephant’s behavior.

6. What is the theme of the 26th Conference of Central and State Organizations (COCSSO) ?

         1) Administrative Statistics
         2) Agriculture & Quality Statistics
         3) Agriculture & Farmers’ Statistics
         4) Quality Assurance in Official Statistics
         5) None of these

Answer – ) Quality Assurance in Official Statistics

Explanation: In Himachal Pradesh, the 26th edition of Central and State Statistical Organizations(COCSSO) Conference was held at Dharamshala with theme “Quality Assurance in Official Statistics” on 15th and 16th November 2018. The COCSSO is an annual conference which provides a platform for the Central and State statisticians to exchange views and discuss common issues relating to statistical activities. It was organized by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) in collaboration with Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Government of Himachal Pradesh.

7. Name of the Indian boy who won the World u-12 open chess championships in Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

         1) Abhijeet Gupta
         2) Praggnanandhaa
         3) D.Gukesh
         4) Harikrishna
         5) None of these

Answer – )  D.Gukesh

Explanation: International Master, D.Gukesh, with 10 points, won the World u-12 open chess championships in Santiago de Compostela, Spain. India stood second with two golds, while China and USA took the 1st and 3rd spot. Around 851 participants from 86 federations took part in the Championship event. Volodar Murzin of Russia finished second by securing 8.5 points and Nico Chasin of USA settled for third place by securing 8.5.

8. Which state government unveiled its new emblem for official use ?

         1) Kerala
         2) Rajasthan
         3) Punjab
         4) Andhra Pradesh
         5) None of these

Answer – )  Andhra Pradesh

Explanation: After 5 years of bifurcation in 2014, Andhra Pradesh government unveiled its new emblem for official use. It consists of “Dhamma Chakka” – “the Wheel of Law” embellished with a ring of Triratnas alternating with pinnate leaves and precious stones. It has a “Puna Ghataka” or “The vase of Plenty” is at the hub of the Dhamma Chakka which is decorated with a four-banded garland on the main body with medallions and tassels. The colours used in the symbol are: green, red and yellow. The three circles of decorative beads are in ascending order of numbers 48 in the inner, 118 in the middle and 148 in the outer circle.

9. Women and Child Development Ministry announced that the Government will reimburse employers the salaries for 7 of the 26 weeks of maternity leave for women, who are earning more than _____ a month ?

         1) Rs 25,000
         2) Rs 50,000
         3) Rs 15,000
         4) Rs 18,000
         5) None of these

Answer – ) Rs 15,000

Explanation: On 15th November 2018,The Women and Child Development Ministry announced that the Government will reimburse employers the salaries for 7 of the 26 weeks of maternity leave for women,who is earning more than Rs 15,000 a month. To become eligible for maternity benefits, a woman must has worked for 80 days in last 12 months.  Maternity Benefits (Amendment) Bill 2016 increases the maternity leaves from 12 weeks to 26 weeks.The salary of female employees will be refunded from labor Welfare Cess. As per government, till March 2017, 7500 crores out of 32632 crores of labor welfare cess fund was not utilized. This decision was taken to encourage the employers to hire women and keep them employed during maternity period. So this fund will be used for reimbursement of salary of female employees.

10. The 62nd National shooting championships begins in ___________.

         1) Bengaluru
         2) Thiruvananthapuram
         3) Chennai
         4) Cochin
         5) None of these

Answer – ) Thiruvananthapuram

Explanation: The 62nd National shooting championships, rifle, and pistol, began on 16th November at the Vattiyoorkavu shooting ranges, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. The event will conclude on December 7. Around 6000 shooters will be participating in this championship event. The shooters are given free training also. The women’s 10m air rifle preliminaries which have attracted a record 815 entries. The event is being held here for a second consecutive year in the location where the facilities which were created for the 35th National Games held in the State three years ago.