Current Affairs November 03, 2018

current-affairs-03-nov-18

1. What is the theme of the United Nations for 2018 World Cities Day (WCD) ?

         1) Better City, Better Life 
         2) Promoting a better urban future 
         3) Innovative Governance, Open Cities
         4) Building Sustainable and Resilient Cities
         5) None of the above

Answer –4 ) Building Sustainable and Resilient Cities

Explanation: The United Nations (UN) has designated every 31st of October as World Cities Day (WCD) to promote the international community’s interest in global urbanization, enhance cooperation among countries and cities in meeting opportunities and addressing challenges of urbanization, and contribute to sustainable urban development. The main event was celebrated in Liverpool, UK. This year, the United Nations has selected the 2018 theme ‘Building Sustainable and Resilient Cities’ because cities need support to become resilient and develop their capacity to absorb the impact of hazards, protect and preserve human life and limit damage to and destruction of public and private assets.

2. Where was the Inter-Session Meeting of Consultative Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare, held on 1st November 2018 ?

        1)  Coimbatore
        2) New Delhi
        3) Mumbai
        4) Bengaluru
        5) None of the above

Answer – 2 ) New Delhi

Explanation: On 1st November 2018, the Inter-Session Meeting of Consultative Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare in New Delhi. NICRA aims to develop adaptation and mitigation practices to minimize the losses and improve resilience of Indian agriculture. Details about Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)’s flagship programme National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) was briefed. Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, Radha Mohan Singh addressed the meeting focused on the “Climate Resilient Villages and their Replication.”

3. The First WHO Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health will be held in __________.

         1) Geneva, Switzerland
         2) Tokyo, Japan
         3) Paris, France
         4) London, UK
         5) None of the above

Answer –1 ) Geneva, Switzerland

Explanation: The First WHO Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health took place at WHO headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. The conference was organized in collaboration with UN Environment, the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC), the World Bank and the Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE),  the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

4. Name the chairperson of the industry expert committee formed by Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) under its Emerging Technology Council, to promote Augmented and Virtual Reality(AR/VR) technology?

         1) Satyajeet Singh
         2) Ajit Kumar
         3) Namrita Mahindro
         4) Vaibhav Kumar Yadav
         5) None of the above

Answer – ) Namrita Mahindro

Explanation: On October 29, 2018, the Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) formed a new industry expert committee, under its Emerging Technology Council, to promote Augmented and Virtual Reality(AR/VR) technology to drive economic growth, job creation, and skill development in the country. The members of the committee include Vaibhav Kumar Yadav, product head- JioCinema and GM, Reliance JIO, Ajit Kumar, Partner, Deloitte Digital, Mahesh Prabhu, VP-Global Head of Innovation, ITC Infotech. Namrita Mahindro, Senior General Manager, – Digital Transformation, Mahindra Group will chair the committee and Satyajeet Singh, Head –Strategic Product Partnership, India & South Asia, Facebook will be the co-chair.

5. Under the provisions of which article of the constitution, the President appoint judges of Supreme Court (SC) ?

         1) Article 126
         2) Article 125
         3) Article 124
         4) Article 127
         5) None of the above

Answer – ) Article 124

Explanation: Under the provisions of Article 124 of the Constitution, the President has recently appointed four new judges — Justices Hemant Gupta, R Subhash Reddy, M R Shah and Ajay Rastogi – of Supreme Court (SC). The apex court has a sanctioned strength of 31. Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi administered the oath of office to the four judges. The President’s assent was based on the recommendation of the Supreme Court Collegium consists of CJI Ranjan Gogoi, Justice Madan B Lokur, Justice Kurian Joseph, Justice A K Sikri and Justice S A Bobde. With the elevation of these four new judges, the strength has risen from 24 to 28.

6. On 31st October 2018, which State Tourism Department launched a ‘SMiLE Virtual Tour Guide’ site for boosting tourism ?

         1) Kerala
         2) Maharashtra
         3) Himachal Pradesh
         4) Mizoram
         5) None of the above

Answer – ) Kerala

Explanation: On October 31, 2018, to give boost to Malabar tourism, the Kerala Tourism Department launched a ‘SMiLE Virtual Tour Guide’ site for the region in north Kerala. SMiLE is the acronym for: ‘Small and Medium Industries Leveraging Experiential’ Tourism. For the concept and execution, the government provided Rs 50 lakhs to BRDC. It was conceived by and executed by Bekal Resorts Development Corporation (BRDC) that focuses on eco-friendly and experiential tourism.

7. Which country has initiated talks with the Taliban against bypassing Afghan’s President Ashraf Ghani’s government ?

         1) Singapore
         2) Russia
         3) Denmark
         4) Germany
         5) None of the above

Answer – ) Russia

Explanation: Russia has quietly invited a group of senior Afghan politicians to talk with the Taliban in Moscow. This talk has bypassed President Ashraf Ghani’s government and has angered officials in Kabul who say it could muddle the U.S.-backed peace process. In August, Russia proposed to hold multilateral peace talks in Moscow and invited 12 countries and the Taliban to attend a summit the following month. The U.S. government declined to attend. The Afghan officials also said that the government was unhappy that Moscow was pressing ahead with plans for talks. But President Ashraf Ghani rejected the invitation on the grounds that talks with the Taliban should be led by the Afghan government and hence the meeting was postponed.

8. On 28th October 2018, where was the first-of-its-kind ‘Little India Gate’ inaugurated ?

         1) California, United States
         2) Medan, Indonesia
         3) London, United Kingdom
         4) Wuhan, China
         5) None of the above

Answer – ) Medan, Indonesia

Explanation: On October 28, 2018, the first-of-its-kind ‘Little India Gate’ was inaugurated at Kampung Madras or Madras Village area in Medan city, Indonesia. It was developed to recognize the contribution of Indian community in the development of Medan city, the 4th largest city of the country. It was jointly inaugurated by India’s ambassador to Indonesia and Timor Leste Pradeep Kumar Rawat and Mayor of Medan H T Dzulmi Eldin S. It will be promoted as an iconic tourist spot in Medan city as it is the first such structure in entire Indonesia.

9. The fifth World Buddhist Forum held in __________.

         1) Tokyo, Japan
         2) Kathmandu, Nepal
         3) New Delhi, India
         4) Putian, China
         5) None of the above

Answer – ) Putian, China

Explanation: China has host the fifth World Buddhist Forum held from 28th to 30th October 2018. More than 1,000 participants from 55 countries and regions participated. It was held in the Chinese city of Putian.

10. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has given licence to the Kirloskar group to launch a non-banking finance company (NBFC) named Kirloskar Capital. Who has been named CEO of Kirloskar Capital ?

         1) Ajay Doval
         2) Murali Prasad
         3) Atul Kirloskar
         4) Vimal Bhandari
         5) None of the above

Answer – ) Vimal Bhandari

Explanation: On November 1, 2018, Reserve Bank of India gave licence to the Kirloskar group to launch a non-banking finance company (NBFC) named Kirloskar Capital. Kirloskar group would invest Rs 1,000 crore over the next three years in the proposed NBFC, which will be a fully-owned subsidiary of Kirloskar Oil Engines. The NBFC would focus on providing growth capital to industry with an initial focus on small and medium enterprises (SMEs). It will be headed by industry veteran Vimal Bhandari as CEO. Prior to joining Kirloskar Capital, Bhandari was the chief executive of Indostar Capital.

11. Which of the following launched a ‘Digital Literacy Library’ providing safety tips for users in 6 Indian languages ?

         1) Microsoft
         2) Facebook
         3) Google
         4) Apple
         5) None of the above

Answer – ) Facebook

Explanation: Facebook launched a ‘Digital Literacy Library’ providing safety tips for users in 6 Indian languages. This launch is a part of Facebook’s efforts to train 3,00,000 people in India on digital literacy by the end of 2018. The library will be available in 6 Indian languages: Bengali, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam. Digital Literacy Library will help educators in addressing digital literacy and young people in skill development regarding digital safety.

12. On 1st November 2018, Name the 5th Indian cricketer who was formally inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame ?

         1) MS Dhoni
         2) Shikhar Dawan
         3) Virat Kohli
         4) Rahul Dravid
         5) None of the above

Answer – ) Rahul Dravid

Explanation: On 1st November 2018, former Indian cricket captain Rahul Dravid was formally inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame. Rahul Dravid received his ICC Hall of Fame cap from fellow ICC Cricket Hall of Famer Sunil Gavaskar in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. Rahul Dravid is the 5th Indian cricketer to be formally inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame after: Bishen Singh Bedi, Kapil Dev, Sunil Gavaskar and Anil Kumble. Rahul Dravid was named in the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame along with Australia’s Ricky Ponting and England’s Claire Taylor at the ICC Annual Conference in Dublin in July 2018. He had scored 24,177 runs in Tests and ODIs.

13. On 2nd November 2018, Which country successfully launched a high orbit satellite to boost its BeiDou global satellite navigation system ?

         1) Russia
         2) South Korea
         3) China
         4) Japan
         5) None of the above

Answer – ) China

Explanation: On 2nd November 2018, China successfully launched a high orbit satellite to boost its BeiDou global satellite navigation system, from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in Sichuan Province, China. This is the first BeiDou-3 satellite in high orbit, nearly 36,000 km above the Earth. It is being developed to outsmart the United States Global Position System (GPS). It will follow the Earth’s rotation, in a geostationary orbit, and will view the same point on Earth continuously. eiDou global satellite navigation system will be the fourth global satellite navigation system after the US GPS system, Russia’s GLONASS and the European Union’s Galileo. The satellite will serve countries in the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).