GURU TEGH BAHADUR
- Master Tegh Bahadur, the most youthful of the five children of Master Hargobind, was conceived in Amritsar in the early hours of April 1, 1621. As the news spread at dawn, Sikhs rushed to the vicinity of Master Hargobind to offer their felicitations. The Master himself went to see the youngster, joined by two of his Sikhs, Bidhi Chand and Jetha. As he set his eyes on him, he anticipated propitiously. In the expressions of the Garbilas Chhevin Patshaili, he said, "Of my five children, he should take the of five of Master. He should ensure the frail and ease their pain. This should be his central imprint." Master Hargobind called the youngster Tegh Bahadur, Forceful of Sword. The mother, Mata Nanaki, felt upbeat to hear her child so named. Much philanthropy was conveyed and the cheering proceeded for a few days.
- Inferable from a minor clash with a Mughal power, Master Hargobind expelled his family from Amritsar to the secrecy of a close-by town, called Jhabal. Tegh Bahadur was conveyed by Mother Nanaki in a palanquin. From Jhabal, Master Hargobind set out to Goindwal, holy to theThird Master. Goindwal was one of the essential Sikh towns in the Punjab. Some different places then surely understood in Sikh geology were Khadur Sahib, hallowed to the second Master, Tarn Taran, Sri Hargobindpur and Kartarpur, each of the three established by Master Arjan dev, the Fifth Master, Talwandi, origination of Master Nanak, Dera Baba Nanak, Darauli and Kiratpur, established by Master Hargobind.
- Essentially, there were towns and towns made acclaimed by the main Sikh families who lived there. A portion of the more unmistakable among these were Ramdas (Bhai Buddha), Sur Singh (Bhai Bidhi Chand), Bhai Rupa (Rup Chand), Kangar (Rai Jodh) and Baba Bakala (Bhai Mehra). As they came to Goindwal, Master Hargobind, his family and Sikhs made ablutions in the baoli fabricated by Master Amar Das. Tegh Bahadur, then scarcely two, was washed with the sacred water. Ablutions were rehashed the next morning before Master Hargobind lett for Kartarpur.
- The family were left in Goindwal on the influence of Baba Sundar, extraordinary grandson of Master Amar Das. Upon his arrival to Amritsar, Master Hargobind reviewed the family from Goindwal. As says the Sri Gur Pratap Suraj Granth, four of the Master's children welcomed their dad by touching his feet. The most youthful, Tegh Bahadur, arrived carried on her arms by his sister, Bibi Viro.
- Tegh Bahadur was raised in the endorsed Sikh style. As a young man, he was put under the educating of Bhai Buddha and Bhai Gurdas. The previous regulated his preparation in arrow based weaponry and horsemanship and the recent taught him the old classics. Tegh Bahadur gained quick ground and demonstrated early guarantee of authority in both fields. He likewise gave proof of a profoundly enchanted personality by his drawn out spells of disengagement and consideration.
This strain of his virtuoso is best communicated in his brilliantly glorious verse saved in the Master Granth. The father's ideal predictions proceeded. Mother Nanaki, however satisfied internally, regularly thought about how Tegh Bahadur, calm and modest and without all desire, would achieve the rank Master Hargobind had anticipated for him. Yet, there was undoubtedly he was his dad's most loved and that relentless occasions anticipated him.
- To cite the Sri Gur Pratap Suraj Granth, "Tegh Bahadur went to Master Hargobind yet every so often; yet he got more thought than any other individual. More often than not, he came however once in a month. He would venture in delicately with his eyes swung to the ground in humility. Subsequently he would bow low to the Master's feet.
Master Hargobind got his tender child with expressions of friendship and situated him now and then close by and at times lifted him up on to his knee... "Be that as it may, Mother Nanaki's perplexity was not subsided. She realized that her child, Tegh Bahadur, kept up no contact with the masands, nor did he oversee the family unit. One day she straightforwardly addressed Master Hargobind why he treated Tegh Bahadur with such consideration. The Master replied, 'I might open the secret for you. Tegh Bahadur can endure what none other can.
- His patience is unparalleled. He is expert of numerous excellencies. None else arrives like him on the planet. This is one reason which qualifies him for affirmation. Second, a child will be destined to him who will be forceful of appendage and be the vanquisher of enemy. He will join in numerous a fight. He will exceed expectations in both valor and sympathy. He will convey popularity to the Place of Master Nanak, the world educator."'
- I The following quite a long while were spent in Amritsar until it got to be the ideal opportunity for Suraj Shopping center to wed. Tegh Bahadur joined his sibling's wedding gathering and, in the depiction of the Gurbilas Chhevin Patshahi, he was escorted by the ardent Bhai Bidhi Chand. At Suraj Shopping center's wedding which occurred at Kartarpur on April 23, 1629, Bishan Kaur, one of the spouse's visitors, picked Tegh Bahadur for her own little girl. Secretly she identifies with her spouse, Lal Chand, "Nice looking amazing is the Master's child.
- In spite of the fact that scarcely eight years of age, far exceeding expectations is his fortune. Our own little girl is five. We must act rapidly and squander no time." They took the proposition to Master Hargobind. Bhai Gurdas was sent to Tegh Bahadur whose answer was trademark. He tenderly said that he would comply with the expression of his dad. That day, he was affianced to Gujari, little girl of Lal Chand and Bishan Kaur. In Amritsar, Mother Nanaki got him with intensified euphoria.
- On February 4,1633, occurred the marriage of Tegh Bahadur. Relations and Sikhs congregated in Kartarpur from Goindwal, Khadur, Amritsar, Mandiali, Batala, Kangar, Bhai Rupa, Malla, and different spots. Tegh Bahadur was wearing yellow for the event. He wore a wreath on his temple and an ornamented umbrella was developed over him. In yielding to an old Punjabi compunction, the gathering shed carriages and liked to walk attributable to the way that the lady had a place with their own town. In the expressions of Bhai Santokh Singh, "Most impressive looked Tegh Bahadur. Both men and ladies felt captivated by his looks. He was tall like his dad. Nice looking as the moon was his face. He was long of appendage and wide chested...and he strolled with delicate, agile steps." "Like spouse like lady," says the Gurbilas Chhevin Patshahi. "Gujari is by predetermination made deserving of Tegh Bahadur all around."
- Old writings record that Tegh Bahadur tuned in the clash of Kartarpur on April 26, 1635. This was the last real clash his dad, Master Hargobind, needed to participate in. As per the Sri Gur Pratap Suraj Granth, Tegh Bahadur, riding his stallion, made intense sallies in all headings. Mata Nanaki and her girl in-law watched his accomplishments of arms from the highest point of their home. At the point when word was sent to him to resign, he, similar to his siblings, addressed that it was not legitimate to fail the combat zone. Tegh Bahadur was then fourteen years of age. After the skirmish of Kartarpur, Master Hargobind, Nanak VI, went to inhabit Kiratpur.
- For Tegh Bahadur this implied nine years of continuous bliss in the organization of his dad. Similar to his wont, "he remained constantly soaked in the recognition of God and talked however little." When his time drew close, Master Hargobind requested that Nanaki go and live in the town of Bakala. Master Hargobind designated his senior child, Master Har Rai as next master. Tegh Bahadur and his siblings were available at this event. Tegh Bahadur and his wife Mata Gujari ji moved to Bakala. It was at Bakala when he found out about the passing ceaselessly of Master Har Rai and arrangement of Master Har Krishan as Nanak Eight. It was additionally at Bakala when he caught wind of his arrangement as ninth master through Makhan Shah and different Sikhs.
- Three progressive visits were made to Kiratpur. On August 21,1664, Master Tegh Bahadur ran there to mourn with Bibi Rup Kaur upon the passing without end of her dad, Master Har Rai, and of her sibling, Master Har Krishan. The second visit was on October 15,1664, at the passing on September 29, 1664, of Mata Bassi, mother of Master Har Rai. A third visit finished up a genuinely broad voyage through Majha, Malwa and Bangar areas of the Punjab. The main end amid this trip was at Amritsar, trailed by ends at Tarn Taran, Khadur Sahib and Goindwal, throughout the entire of standing sacredness in the Sikh convention.
- Crossing the Beas and Sutlej waterways, Master Tegh Bahadur touched base in the Malwa. He went to Zira and Moga and came to Darauli. He then stayed in the Lakkhi Wilderness, a forlorn and sandy tract containing chiefly display day regions of Bhatinda and Faridkot. As indicated by the Master kian Sakhian, Baisakhi of 1665 was commended at Sabo-ki Talwandi, now known as Damdama Sahib. This voyage took Master Tegh Bahadur up to Dhamdhan, close Jind, from where he came back to Kiratpur.
- On May 13,1665, Master Tegh Bahadur went to Bilaspur, more distant up in the slopes. This was to go to the grieving for Raja Plunge Chand of Bilaspur. He was went with on this adventure by his mom, Mata Nanaki, Mata Sulakkhni, dowager of Master Har Rai, Mata Hariji, wife of Suraj Shopping center, Bibi Rup Kaur, little girl of Master Har Rai, and Plunge Chand and Nand Chand, children of Suraj Shopping center.
The Lady Rani Champa of Bilaspur offered to give the Master a real estate parcel in her state. The Master purchased the site on installment of Rs 500. The area comprised of the towns of Lodhipur, Mianpur and Sahota. Here on the hill of Makhowal, Master Tegh Bahadur raised another home. The ground was broken on June 19, 1665, by Baba Gurditta Randhawa. Karahprasad was dispersed after the functions. The new town was named after Mother Nanaki. Chakk Nanaki later got to be well known as Anandpur Sahib.
- Like his antecedents since the times of Master Hargobind, Master Tegh Bahadur kept up the signs of common nobility. Be that as it may, he himself lived gravely. Sikh records, or some other, make no notice of a conflict with the decision force having happened amid his time. yet by his showing and by his drawn out goes the nation over, he made another vitality and environment for Sikh living. He was particularly delicate to the people groups' affliction and taught them to be brave.
- At Dhamdhan, Master Tegh Bahadur was gotten by Bhai Daggo with surpassing delight . He put him up in the new house he had developed. The Master gave his favors upon him: "For meeting me presents, milk might possess large amounts of thy house. Clergyman to the Sikhs and aficionados, and stay with us amid our stay in this spot." Bhai Pheru was one more of the Sikhs who unremittingly served the Master and the Sikhs. He was so completely dedicated to his obligation that he never permitted himself relaxation to open his huge turban and brush his hair.
- Master Tegh Bahadur presented upon him the penegyric: "Clean is thy facial hair, Bhai Pheru; solid is thy dedication; righteous are thy activities; thou shalt be figured of outcome on the planet. The Master is a penance unto thee, Bhai Pheru!" The celebration of Divali conveyed to Dhamdhan Sikhs from far away places. They felt honored by a sight of the Master and dependably got his guideline. On November 8, 1665, Master Tegh Bahadur came to Delhi. Rani Pushpa Devi of Golden was his host. Her family had reverenced the Place of Master Nanak since the times of the 6th Master, and her child, Kanwar Ram Singh, now went to upon the blessed visitor.
- Further excursion lay through Mathura, Agra, Allahabad, Banaras and Sasaram. The Master was attracted to Sasaram by the affection for a Sikh, called Phaggo. Phaggo was persuaded in his heart that the Master would react to his commitment and had, in foresight of a visit, manufactured another house with a high passageway. His wish was that the Expert ought to ride into the premises without dismounting his stallion. He cleaned the house each day and bolted it, for he had pledged not to live in it until the Master had gone by it. Master Tegh Bahadur addressed his wish and, on coming to Sasaram, entered on horseback the house committed to him.
- Master Tegh Bahadur headed out on to Patna. There he spent the stormy season. At Patna was conceived his just child, then called Gobind Das. In any case, he had at that point left the city consenting to the wishes of sangats in remoter areas. Dacca was the seat of an old Sikh sangat. Here the elderly mother of the neighborhood masand, Bulaki Das, willingly anticipated the Master's landing. She had spun cotton with her own hands and made a dress for him. On coming to Dacca, Master Tegh Bahadur went straight to where she lived.
- For the old lady, this was similar to a blessing from heaven. she felt celebrated to situate the Master on the divan she had kept for him and to present him with the dress she had made. The whole sangat came to see the Master singing the hallowed sabads. Master Tegh Bahadur welcomed them by calling Dacca "the stronghold of Sikhism." He prompted them to construct another dharamsala, amass in it for kirtan and praise the sacred celebrations. "Along these lines will you freed; in this manner will your distresses be scratched off."
- Raja Ram Singh of Golden, who had been sent on January 6, 1668, from Delhi by Aurangzab with an undertaking to Assam, surpassed Master Tegh Bahadur in Dacca. His mom, Pushpa Devi, had admonished him to look for the Master's help in his undertaking. The Raja, himself a dedicated devotee, was satisfied to see Master Tegh Bahadur. He felt doubly honored when the Master acknowledged his supplication to go with him on the battle. Towards the end of 1668, they set out for Assam, crossed the Brahmputra and came to Dhubri, which had likewise been gone by Master Nanak amid his goes in eastern India. Master Tegh Bahadur checked out the spot where the First Master had sat.
- Individuals thronged to see him. A nearby chieftain, Raja Ram, came to look for gift for a child. His wish was satisfied and, as Sikh records tell, the child, named Ratan Rai, turned into a devotee and went by Master Gobind Singh at Anandpur with presents. Raja Ram Singh who was settled at some separation from Master Tegh Bahadur conflicted with the Ahom ruler, Chakradhwaj Singh. The issue stayed undecided and, as indicated by Sikh accounts, the Master realized peace between the warring strengths. Master Tegh Bahadur went similarly as Hajo: a present day analyst follows the name of a close-by hillock, Teghpur or Tegh Parbat, to his visit.
- Hajo was the most remote Master Tegh Bahadur voyaged. The toward home trip started late in 1669. It was quicker than the outward voyage . The longest end was at Patna where the Master rejoined his family and saw surprisingly his child, Gobind Das. At separating, the Master educated the family to come back to Punjab and anticipate his landing in Lakhnaur, close Ambala. He himself continued to Delhi. In the escort on this excursion was his loyal Muslim devotee, Nawab Saif Khan. On the proof on the Bhatt Vahi Talauda, Master Tegh Bahadur landed in Delhi on June 20, 1670. He place up in the dharamsala of Bhai Kalyana where devotees and supporters rushed in huge numbers to get his gift. Rani Pushpa Devi joined her girl in-law and felt soothed of her tension to know about the prosperity of her child, Raja Ram Singh.
Master Tegh Bahadur's child, Gobind Das, had come to Lakhnaur being taken care of by his mom and grandma. In this town lived Mehar Chand, Mata Gujari's sibling. Master Tegh Bahadur landed there from Delhi and continued to Chakk Nanki, or Anandpur with his entire crew.