BIJBEHARA, JAMMU AND KASHMIR
- The antiquated town of Bijbehara is situated at the longitude of 75.1220 and the scope of 33.784 with normal rise of 1591 meters (5123ft).The town of Bijbehara known as Vijeshwara in old times is arranged in the Locale of Anantnag in south Kashmir on the left bank of the stream Jhelum (veyth/vitasta). It is in the south of Srinagar at a separation of 45 km. The National thruway goes through this town. It is encompassed by four levels on three sides. In its eastern side a long and wide level touches the north eastern piles of the valley of Kashmir, in its north is the level of Chakradhara or Chackdar now known as Semthan (udder) which contains stays of antiquated settlements and in its west are two littler levels known as Jaya and Vijaya udders (plateaus).
- In the lap of these levels a town of huge religious and chronicled significance rose in the soonest time of the historical backdrop of Kashmir.
In the East of Vijeshwara tirath is the Vitasta, in the south is the Harishchander Ghath, in the west are the Shakti sathals of Jaya Devi and Vijaya Devi. In the north is Chakreshwar......Vijeshwar Mahatam verse 16.
Wellsprings OF THE Historical backdrop OF VIJESHWARA (BIJBEHARA)
The most essential wellsprings of the historical backdrop of Vijeshwara are the Neelmat Puran, Sahatya Parkash, Rajtarangni, Vijeshwar Mahatam, Amresh Mahatam, Vitasta Mahatam, Thajiwara Mahatam, Bringesh Samhita, History of Kashmir by Bamzai, Tarikhi Hassan, Isralul Abrar by Dawood Mushkwti, Baghe Sulemon by Mir Syed ullah Shahabadi, Christ in Kashmir by Fida Husnain, the Valley of Kashmir by Lawrance, Kashmir ka Prachin Shakti Sathal by M.L.
- Aash, statutes of divine beings and goddesses which are found on diverse Ghats on the Vitasta, statues which are found in encompassing regions of Bijbehara, for example, town Waghama, Town Semthan, and town Jablipora and some different spots. In Walk 2008 a statue was found by a rancher in a field at Waghama which is viewed as a perfect work of art of figure. The statue at present is in the guardianship of Archeological division of the J&K state and is a proof of the eminence of the antiquated town of Vijeshwara. Other than these sources people tunes and society stories give us an understanding into the rich society and civilisation which created on the banks of the vitasta in old times at vijeshwara.
- While Rajtarngni manages the antiquated history of Bijbehara, Vijeshewar Mahatam broadly manages its religious significance. As per Kalhana Raja Vijay Anand was in charge of the development of an excellent town around the great sanctuary of Vijayshwara which was committed to Ruler Shiva.
Cause OF VIJESHWARA
Vijeshwar Mahatam only depicts the cause and religious noteworthiness of Bijbehara. This religious sacred writing says "satisfied by the retribution (Tapasya) of Kashyap Muni, the water of SATISARA was depleted out by ruler Vishnu's incarnation as Pig (Varaha) in the wake of making a section at Baramulla (Varahmulla) by cutting the mountain. Immediately, Master Shankara by utilizing His Awesome weapon CHAKARA executed Jaladbaw Asura.
- The rate of the awesome weapon was fast to the point that it transformed into a gigantic shoot ball and a vast segment of it fell at a spot which came to be known as CHAKRADARA i.e. present Chakdhar in Vijeshwara Khestra .... (Vitasta Mahatam Part 8 verse 16)
Every one of the divine beings and the Brahmins celebrated over the end of Jaladbaw Asura and appearance of a wonderful valley from the waters of the Satisara. They offered vent to their sentiments of happiness by droning songs in acclaim for Master Shanker's kindheartedness. Satisfied with the dedication of his aficionados the Omnipotent made a sacrosanct spot of journey known as Vijeshwara Tirath and two Shakti Sathals known as Jaya Devi and Vijaya Devi on the Levels of Jaya and Vijaya in the western side of the town. (Vitasta Mahatam part 8 verse 18).
- "where one is free from stresses, desolation and torment
Where it is anything but difficult to control oneself and one's desire, Where significant serenity and profound comfort can be accomplished,
Where profoundly raised persons stay in un-interfered with reflection,
In that place which is called Vijeshwara the Devtas seek to be conceived."
- "The earth is the pith of the universe,
The Himalayas involve the spot of pride on the earth,
Kashmir is of more prominent significance than the Himalayas,
Be that as it may, holy tirth of Vijeshwara is of far more noteworthy significance."
- M.A. Stein expounds on Bijbehara that the old name of the town was Vijeshwara. Amid the Buddhist period it was called Vijaya-vihara. In Kashmiri dialect it is called Vejbror.
This name is "Apbramsh" of Vejeshwara. Concerning word "Bror", the same has been taken from "Batarak" which implies Devata i.e. the spots where divine beings and goddesses live. It demonstrates that in old times vijeshwara was of tremendous religious significance.
- Vijeshwara rose as the best focus of learning and information at the appointed time of time. A college on the example of Nalanda and Taxila was built up by the masterminds, researchers, and scholars in this hallowed Kheshtra. It remained the focal point of information and religious studies for a considerable length of time. Reasoning, crystal gazing, stargazing, writing, pharmaceutical, Hindu and Buddhist sacred texts, structural engineering, figure painting, moving, music and so forth were taught to the understudies who came to concentrate on from Focal Asia, Afghanistan, China and India. It was at this spot Pandit Khalhan finished the historical backdrop of Kashmir known as Rajtarangni.
- Khem Raj composed Shiv-sidhant, Achariya Som Dev composed Katha Sarit Sagar and Vaital Pacheesi which is the interpretation of "BRAHAT KATHA OF GANADI" written in Pisachi dialect. Vijeshwar involves a position of incredible distinction in the field of abstract exercises up and down the historical backdrop of Kashmir. Indeed, even today the general population take a gander at this spot for otherworldly direction.
- RELIGIOUS Significance OF VIJESHWARA KHESHTRA
As per Bringesh Samihita, Vijeshwar Kheshtra has an extraordinary religious and otherworldly significance. Strict retribution and execution of Shrada at this consecrated Tirath is compensated by Moksha i.e. unceasing peace to the spirit of an enthusiast. There is no parallel to Vijeshwara Khestra in the field of accomplishment of information, self acknowledgment and Mukti. Eka-dash Rudra sanctuary of Ruler Shiva and Shakti Sathal of Mata Jaya Devi are two awesome aids from the Master to His enthusiasts. Three Ghats on the vitasta are of holy nature here and these are Harishchander Ghat, Deviki Ghat and Sedpeeth Ghat.
"The place that is known for Vijeshwara kshetra is sacred to the point that if a sack of Mustard seeds is spread over it there are the same number of religious spots in it as the quantity of the seeds in a sack".